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Autonomous colleges

College Name Pt.Lalit Mohan Sharma Government Post Graduate College 
Established in  July 1973
University  HNB Garhwal University, Uttarakhand
Website http://gpgcrishikesh.org
Contact  0135-2430495, Email-  gpgcrishikesh@gmail.com

Pt. Lalit Mohan Sharma Government Post Graduate College, Rishikesh, affiliated to the HNB Garhwal University, is approved by UGC as an Autonomous College. It is the only college  and first college in the stated getting the autonomus recognition. It was started by the state Government in July 1973 and is spread over 49 acres. The College is surrounded by picturesque foot hills of the Great Himalayas. Rishikesh, the city in which the College is situated is the place of Sages and is the famous spiritual town on the right bank of the holy river Ganga. The legend of Uttarakhand begins from Rishikesh. The city is Gateway to Char-Dham Yatra, Sikh shrine Hemkund sahib and the Valley of Flowers. The Sacred River flows in a meandering fashion and touches famous Ashrams along its bank pulsating the city life with spiritual learning, meditation and Yoga.
An autonomous college is free to start a new degree or postgraduate course with the approval of the Academic Council of the college. Such courses shall fulfill the minimum standards prescribed by the university/UGC in terms of number of hours, curricular content and standards, and the university shall be duly informed of such courses. also the  college is free to start diploma (undergraduate and postgraduate) or certificate courses without the prior approval of the university. Diplomas and certificates shall be issued under the seal of the college.

An autonomous college may rename an existing course after restructuring/redesigning it with the approval of the college Academic Council as per UGC norms. The university should be duly informed of such proceedings so that it may award new degrees in place of the old.

The university should have the right to review all new courses of an autonomous college. Where there is evidence of decline in standards or quality, the university may, after careful scrutiny, and in consultation with the UGC, either help modify them, wherever possible, or cancel such courses.

Introduction
Highlighting the importance of autonomous colleges, the UGC document on the X Plan profile of higher education in India clearly states that: The only safe and better way to improve the quality of undergraduate education is to delink most of the colleges from the affiliating structure. Colleges with academic and operative freedom are doing better and have more credibility. The financial support to such colleges boosts the concept of autonomy. It is proposed to increase the number of autonomous colleges to spread the culture of autonomy, and the target is to make 10 per cent of eligible colleges autonomous by the end of the Plan.

Need for Autonomy
The affiliating system of colleges was originally designed when their number in a university was small. The university could then effectively oversee the working of the colleges, act as an examining body and award degrees on their behalf. The system has now become unwieldy and it is becoming increasingly difficult for a university to attend to the varied needs of individual colleges. The colleges do not have the freedom to modernise their curricula or make them locally relevant. The 1964-66 Education Commission pointed out that the exercise of academic freedom by teachers is a crucial requirement for development of the intellectual climate of our country. Unless such a clim ate prevails, it is difficult to achieve excellence in our higher education system. With students, teachers and management being co-partners in raising the quality of higher education, it is imperative that they share a major responsibility. Hence, the Education Commission (1964-66) recommended college autonomy, which, in essence, is the instrument for promoting academic excellence. 
Autonomous colleges are free to make use of the expertise of university departments and other institutions to frame their curricula, devise methods of teaching, examination and evaluation. They can recruit their teachers according to the existing procedures (for private and government colleges).

The parent university will accept the methodologies of teaching, examination, evaluation and the course curriculum of its autonomous colleges. It will also help the colleges to develop their academic programmes, improve the faculty and to provide necessary guidance by participating in the deliberations of the different bodies of the colleges.

The role of the parent university will be:

  • To bring more autonomous colleges under its fold
  • To promote academic freedom in autonomous colleges by encouraging introduction of innovative academic programmes.
  • To facilitate new courses of study, subject to the required minimum number of hours of instruction, content and standards.
  • To permit them to issue their own provisional, migration and other certificates.
  • To do everything possible to foster the spirit of autonomy.
  • To ensure that degrees/diplomas/certificates issued indicate the name of the college.
  • To depute various nominees of the university to serve in various committees of the autonomous colleges and get the feedback on their functioning.
  • To create separate wings wherever necessary to facilitate the smooth working of the autonomous colleges.

Common programmes to be adopted are : 

  • Semester pattern of study .
  • Continuous internal assessment.
  • Credit/grading system.
  • Student feedback.
  • Awards/Medals

Autonomous colleges are free to institute medals for meritorious students. The value and other terms of reference may be decided with the approval of appropriate bodies in the college.

Examination System
In order to avoid victimization by either teachers or students of any group, there should be various alternatives to the internal examination system. Students  performance may be evaluated both internally and externally. Question banks may be prepared by internal examiners, and examinations conducted by external examiners or by internal examiners, or by both. Remuneration for examination work should not be less than that paid by the university.

Award of Degrees Through Parent University
The parent university will award degrees to the students evaluated and recommended by autonomous colleges. The degree certificates will be in a common format devised by the university. The name of the college will be mentioned in the degree certificate, if so desired. Autonomous colleges that have completed three terms can confer the degree under their title with the seal of the university.


 

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